Skin care is the range of practices that support skin integrity, enhance its appearance and relieve skin conditions. They can include nutrition, avoidance of excessive sun exposure and appropriate use of emollients. Skin care should be a daily routine that includes using a Cleanser, Toner / Astringents, Exfoliants, Moisturizers and Sun Protection.
Cleanser help wash away substances that can lead to clogged pores and dull skin. Starting with a clean face allows the skincare products you use afterwards to work even better.
Toner / Astringents Toners add vital skin-replenishing ingredients immediately after cleansing. They also help diminish the look of redness and dry patches, while removing the last traces of makeup.
Exfoliants Environmental damage and other factors cause the surface of skin to become dull, rough, and uneven. Exfoliating eliminates this buildup, which otherwise would cause clogged pores and uneven skin tone, and worsen the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.
Moisturizers Hydrated and moisturized skin is essential to fight wrinkles and blemishes, and it supports healthy skin by reinforcing its protective barrier. This includes oily skin types! When your skin senses it’s dry, it actually produces more oil which can make matters worse, so it’s important to maintain skin balance and hydration.
Sun protection is an important aspect of skin care. Though the sun is beneficial in order for the human body to get its daily dose of vitamin D, unprotected excessive sunlight can cause extreme damage to the skin. Ultraviolet (UVA and UVB) radiation in the sun’s rays can cause sunburn in varying degrees, early ageing and increased risk of skin cancer. This can reduce the skin’s elasticity and encourage sagging and wrinkle formation. Sunscreen can protect the skin from sun damage; it should be applied at least 20 minutes before exposure, and should be re-applied every four hours. Sunscreen should be applied to all areas of the skin that will be exposed to sunlight. Many tinted moisturizers, foundations and primers now contain some form of SPF.
Sunscreens may come in the form of creams, gels or lotions; their SPF number indicates their effectiveness in protecting the skin from the sun’s radiation. There are sunscreens available to suit every skin type; in particular, those with oily skin should choose non-comedogenic sunscreens; those with dry skins should choose sunscreens with moisturizers to help keep skin hydrated, and those with sensitive skin should choose unscented, hypoallergenic sunscreen and spot-test in an inconspicuous place to ensure that it does not irritate the skin.
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