Muscat Pharmacy & Stores LLC
First Aid Care

First Aid is the assistance given to any person suffering a sudden illness or injury, with care provided to preserve life, prevent the condition from worsening or to promote recovery. We offer a wide range of products that are used to assist in the various situations a person may face.

Here are the list of some life threatening situations and techniques.

1. CPR ( Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation )
CPR is an emergency procedure performed if someone has stopped breathing or if their heart has stopped. Call for medical assistance from hospitals immediately, In the mean while you can attempt CPR. CPR involves giving a repeated cycle of 30 chest compressions followed by two breaths. If the brain is starved of oxygen for more than four minutes, as may occur in a near-drowning or heart attack, permanent brain damage can result. We offer different type of CPR Masks and related products to aid the process of Resuscitation.

2. Fever
Normal body temperature, when measured by an oral thermometer, is between 36.5°C and 37°C. Fever is when body temperature is over 37°C (37.8°C or more when measured rectally). Fever has many possible causes e.g. infection, dehydration, allergic reaction. In adults, the level of temperature generally reflects the severity of the illness; in babies and young children, even a small change in temperature may be cause for concern. Seek medical help if a fever is accompanied by other signs e.g. pain, vomiting.

  • Administer paracetamol to reduce a fever. Do not use/give in higher doses or more frequently than directed.
  • Encourage the person to drink plenty of water or fruit juices.
  • Bathe or sponge the skin with lukewarm water (not cold water).  You can fan the patient at the same time to improve the cooling effect of evaporation.

 

3. Heatstroke
Heatstroke occurs in hot, humid conditions when the body fails to control its own temperature. It is a medical emergency. There are two types of heatstroke: classical and exercise-induced.
Classical heatstroke affects the more fragile – the very young and the elderly, often those with heart disease. It occurs without any exercise activity during a heat wave. Young children left in a hot car are particularly at risk. There is usually no sweating.
Exercise-induced heatstroke is more common in young, healthy, fit athletes who exercise in hot, and especially humid, conditions. Athletes who exercise vigorously for short periods, are susceptible to this condition, suggesting an inherited metabolic predisposition.

  • Move the person to a cool, shaded area and check the ABCs (airway, breathing, circulation).
  • Apply ice packs or cover the person with cool, wet sheets. The sooner the person is cooled, the lower the risk of mortality.
  • If the person is able to drink, give them water or a sports drink.

 

4. Heart Attack or Stroke
A heart attack occurs when one of the arteries supplying blood to the heart muscle is suddenly blocked by a blood clot. This causes permanent damage to the heart muscle. It may be fatal in some cases.

What are the symptoms and signs of heart attack?

  • Chest pain or discomfort that is crushing, like a heavy weight; or squeezing, like a tight band around the chest; or an ache in the centre of the chest. The pain may radiate to the neck, jaw, shoulders, arms (especially the left arm), back, abdomen, face or teeth. The pain is persistent (longer than 15 minutes), and does not ease with rest. The pain is sometimes mistaken for indigestion. Note that in some cases, heart attacks are painless.
  • Profuse sweating
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Feeling dizzy or light-headed
  • Nausea
  • Pale, clammy skin
  • The pulse may be fast or irregular.
  • The person may suddenly collapse and lose consciousness.

 

Get help immediately if a person shows any signs of heart attack. Prompt treatment helps prevent further damage to the heart muscle and death.

First aid for heart attack or Stroke

  • If a person shows any symptoms or signs of heart attack, find out if there is a history of heart disease, and whether he takes any heart medication.
  • Encourage the person to sit still, with knees bent to ease strain on the heart.
  • Talk to him calmly and reassuringly, and loosen any tight clothing.
  • Monitor any changes in condition.
  • The person should take one aspirin with water (Unless he is allergic to or unable to take aspirin). Aspirin helps to prevent blood clotting.
  • Check the person’s face if they are able to smile, If not call the hospital immediately
  • Check the person’s speech, if they are able to form sentences,  if not call the hospital immediately
  • Check the person’s arms if they are able to lift both equally, if not call the hospital immediately

 

5. Burns
A burn is tissue damage that results from scalding, overexposure to the sun or other radiation, contact with flames, chemicals or electricity, or smoke inhalation. Burn wounds can be serious if they are not cared for the right way. Seek immediate care for major burns, which:

  • Are deep
  • Cause the skin to be dry and leathery
  • May appear charred or have patches of white, brown or black
  • Are larger than 3 inches (about 8 centimeters) in diameter or cover the hands, feet, face, groin, buttocks or a major joint

 

A minor burn that doesn’t require emergency care may involve:

  • Superficial redness similar to a sunburn
  • Pain
  • Blisters
  • An area no larger than 3 inches (about 8 centimeters) in diameter
  • Use cool water to relieve pain

 

How to Handle major burns Until emergency help arrives:

  • Protect the burned person from further harm.
  • Make certain that the person burned is breathing.
  • Remove jewelry, belts and other restrictive items, especially from around burned areas and the neck.
  • Cover the area of the burn. Use a cool, moist bandage or a clean cloth.
  • Don’t immerse large severe burns in water. Doing so could cause a serious loss of body heat (hypothermia).
  • Elevate the burned area. Raise the wound above heart level, if possible.
  • Watch for signs of shock. Signs and symptoms include fainting, pale complexion or breathing in a notably shallow fashion.

 

How to handle minor burns:

  • Cool the burn.
  • Remove rings or other tight items from the burned area.
  • Don’t break blisters.
  • Apply lotion.
  • Bandage the burn.
  • If needed, take an over-the-counter pain reliever, such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others), naproxen sodium (Aleve) or acetaminophen (Tylenol, others).

Report an Adverse Event

An adverse drug reaction (ADR)/Side Effect or adverse event is an unwanted or harmful reaction experienced following the administration of a drug or combination of drugs under normal conditions of use and is either suspected to be related to the drug or irrespective of whether the drug is suspected to be the cause.

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